viernes, 22 de junio de 2018

India construirá fábricas de armas en Vietnam


India to Build Armament Factories in Vietnam: Defence Minister Sitharaman

 


Brahmos cruise missile

 India wants to build armament factories in Vietnam to export to third countries, a military industry meeting heard Wednesday. The meeting was a part of a series of events organized on the occasion of Indian defence minister Nirmala Sitharaman’s visit to Vietnam.

Meeting with top Vietnamese leaders during her four-day visit that ends Friday, she said India-Vietnam military cooperation doesn’t stop at buying and transferring military technologies.

India looks to set up armament factories in Vietnam for export to third-party countries, she said. She also hoped that Vietnam would become a prime destination for Indian businesses, especially in defence and military sectors.

Major General Ho Quang Tuan, Vice Chairman of the General Department of Defense Industry from Vietnam’s Ministry of Defense, stressed that military cooperation was a cornerstone in the strategic partnership between Vietnam and India.

He also said the two countries were having “open, direct” dialogue regarding military technologies and weaponry.

Vietnam is strengthening its military cooperation with India as part of its “peaceful” defence policy, foreign ministry spokeswoman Le Thi Thu Hang had said at a press briefing last year.

She was responding to an inquiry about India’s offers to sell a batch of short-range ramjet supersonic cruise missiles, BrahMos, to Vietnam.

Hang said the procurement of defence equipment “was consistent with the policy of peace and self-defence and “normal practice.”

“The bilateral security and defence ties have been making practical contributions to peace, stability, cooperation and development in the region and the world at large,” she said.

India has already supplied patrol vessels to Vietnam and has been providing military training. The BrahMos missiles deal, once finalized, would be the first arms trade deal between the two countries.

The Kootneti

jueves, 21 de junio de 2018

Satélite australiano estará en órbita en Septiembre

M1 CubeSat Satellite on Track for September Launch




M1 CubSat satellite 

The Minister for Defence Industry, the Hon Christopher Pyne MP, today toured the University of New South Wales (UNSW) Canberra Space Centre and viewed their state-of-the-art CubeSat which is going through the final testing phase before its planned launch in September this year.

“This Canberra developed spacecraft will provide new ways to enhance Australia’s future Defence space capability by gathering remote sensing information with radios and cameras,” Minister Pyne said.

“These versatile small satellites have re-programmable software defined radios on board, and can change their purpose mid-mission greatly improving their functional capabilities for multiple uses by Defence.

The M1 CubeSat is one of three under development by engineers and researchers at University of New South Wales (UNSW) Canberra Space, under a $10 million contract signed with RAAF in November 2017. The second and third are set for launch in 2019 in a formation known as M2.

“Small, low-cost satellites like M1 provide a unique opportunity to support Australian Defence Force capabilities and to rejuvenate Australian space industry,” Minister Pyne said.

“The Government is investing significantly in space-related projects for Defence over the next two decades. Over $300 million is already committed in this year’s budget to establish the Australian Space Agency which will drive Australia’s involvement in space, and to develop national space-related infrastructure.

“These space missions will also deliver research and educational outcomes for Defence and civilian students studying engineering at UNSW Canberra, forming an important part of building our space capability for the future.”

Ministerio de defensa de Australia

miércoles, 20 de junio de 2018

Tailandia busca ampliar en 10 mil mill USD su presupuesto de defensa

Thai Junta Seeks US$10 Billion in New Defence and Security Budget





HTMS Thachin 471

BANGKOK: The Thai junta on Thursday (Jun 7) sought US$10 billion in a new defence and security budget, in what may be its final opportunity to allocate funds to the armed forces before a promised return to elections early next year.

Military spending has risen since former army chief Prayut Chan-O-Cha seized power from the civilian government in 2014, fitting a pattern of Thai generals generously boosting budgets during their periodic coups.

The figures, proposed to the junta-picked National Legislative Assembly for the 2019 fiscal year, represents US$7 billion for defence, a US$1 billion increase since the military seized power four years ago.

In addition, the regime wants US$3 billion more in security plans meant to manage "new threats", maintain "internal peace and order" and prevent transnational crimes and cyber attacks as well as protect the Thai monarchy.

The new budget is part of a 20-year national strategy laid out last year that is legally binding for future administrations to follow.

Prayut, who is now prime minister, has suggested after many delays a return to elections in February, as many Thais weary of junta rule.

Paul Chambers, an expert on Thai politics at Naresuan University, said the latest budget may also be used to help "build and advertise" a military-backed political party for the upcoming poll.


F-5ST Super Tigris 

"After all, in Thailand's past, militaries have used defence budgeting in this manner," he said.

Prayut is increasingly playing the politician rather than military man, taking image-boosting trips around Thailand and abroad.

In the four years it has been in power, the junta has overseen a sluggish economy that is just starting to pick up, with growth reliant on domestic spending, exports and a booming tourism industry.

The proposed spending boost also comes at a time when the Thai junta's reputation as a graft-buster has taken a hit following several high-profile scandals.

Critics say the junta has been opaque in its financial dealings and failed to address rampant corruption - despite seizing power from the elected government of Yingluck Shinawatra vowing to do so.

Pichai Naripthaphan, a former energy and deputy finance minister in the previous civilian administration, said spending has risen dramatically since 2006, when the military ousted Yingluck's brother, Thaksin.

"If Thailand wants to develop the country the defence ministry budget must be cut in order that money could be spent on infrastructure projects which are more important," he said.

ChannelNewsAsia

martes, 19 de junio de 2018

Primera OPV francesa a Filipinas

First OCEA's Patrol Boat Delivered to the Philippine Coastguard






BRP Boracay patrol boat

The Boracay, first of five patrol boats from 24 to 84 meters Ocea for by the Philippine Coastguard, was delivered Friday 1 st June Built by the shipyard Les Sables d'Olonne, the boat joined Saint-Nazaire, where it was conditioned to be shipped on a cargo ship bound for Asia.

FPB 72 MKII type, the Boracay is 24 meters long and 5.8 meters wide. Made of aluminum, the FPB 72, a model already sold by Ocea in Nigeria and Suriname, can reach 35 knots and cross 600 miles at 12 knots. These coastal patrol boats are armed by a dozen sailors implement a fast boat. Three other units have been ordered by the Philippines, with delivery expected by the end of the year.



OPV 270
In addition to these four FPB 72s, Ocea realizes for this same customer the biggest boat in its history. It is an offshore patrol vessel type OPV 270, 83.6 meters long and 15.4 meters wide. In production at Sables d'Olonne, this building, also built entirely of aluminum, is cut for long missions on the high seas, with an endurance of 45 days. It will be able to cross 8000 miles at 15 knots, the maximum speed being more than 20 knots. This OPV is scheduled to join the Philippine Coast Guard in 2019.

Mer Et Marine

domingo, 17 de junio de 2018

Fuerza saudí-emiratíes toman aeropuerto rebelde en Yemen


Saudi-led forces seize rebel-held airport in Yemen's Hodeida - military


Forces allied to the Saudi-led coalition say they have entered Hodeida airport as part of an assault to retake the port city. Fears are rising of a new humanitarian crisis if food imports, from the port, are disrupted.



DW

Soldiers from an Arab alliance seized the international airport in the Houthi-held port city of Hodeida on Saturday, officials loyal to Yemen's exiled government said.

Aid workers and rights advocates said areas close to the airport remained the scene of intense fighting, which prevented thousands of people from leaving the Red Sea city, which has a population of 600,000.

Other government officials and witnesses later said coalition forces had not yet fully taken control of the airport. They said fighting was heavy just outside the airport gates.

The pro-alliance Yemeni military, meanwhile, said that soldiers were working to clear mines and the last remaining rebels from land close to the airport, which is on the south side of the city.

Troops from the United Arab Emirates (UAE) are leading ground forces in the latest assault to recapture the country's main gateway for food shipments, which began on Wednesday.


Saudi-led troops look to retake Yemeni port of Hodeida

Biggest battle yet

UAE troops are being bolstered by militiamen and soldiers backing Yemen's exiled government, while Saudi Arabia is providing air support for what is being described as the biggest battle in the country's three-year civil war.

Yemen's Shiite rebels, the Houthis, who also hold the country's capital of Sanaa, did not immediately acknowledge losing the airport.

So far, fighting has yet to enter Hodeida's downtown or its crucial port.

Humanitarian crisis

The Arab coalition has ignored advice from international aid groups, who say Yemen is already on the brink of famine and any shutdown of Hodeida's port could risk tipping millions of civilians into starvation.

Some 70 percent of Yemen's food enters via the port, as well as the bulk of humanitarian aid and fuel supplies, which around two-thirds of the country's 27 million population depends on.

Calls for restraint as key Yemeni port attacked

Saudi Arabia, which leads the Arab coalition to restore the internationally recognized Yemeni government, defended its decision to launch the assault.

It said the port was continuing to provide millions of dollars in duties for the Houthis, who they claim were also importing weapons through the facility.

The Saudi-led alliance says it can swiftly capture the port, the only one the Houthis control, without major disruption to aid supplies.

Later on Saturday, the United Nations envoy for Yemen, Martin Griffiths, arrived in the rebel-held capital Sanaa for talks on the conflict in Hodeida, the Agence France-Presse news agency reported.

He was expected to call for Houthi leaders to cede control of the port to a UN-supervised committee, and to avoid further fighting between rebels and the Arab coalition.

More than 10,000 people have been killed during Yemen's civil war. The Saudi-led alliance intervened in 2015 to thwart what many countries in the Middle East see as efforts by their archfoe, Iran, to dominate the region.

Western nations say Tehran has supplied the Houthis with weapons, from assault rifles to the ballistic missiles they have fired deep into Saudi Arabia, including at the capital, Riyadh.

mm/jlw (AP, Reuters)

Buscan sacarle a la ARA las operaciones de búsqueda

El Gobierno buscará sacarle a la Armada la conducción de los rescates en el mar 

Mediante un proyecto de ley, el oficialismo intentará dejarlo en manos de Prefectura. ¿Disputa entre los ministerios de Defensa y Seguridad?



Por Andrés Klipphan | Infobae

 
Nuevas lanchas israelies de Prefectura


Un proyecto de ley que ya ingresó a la Cámara de Diputados propone sacarle a la Armada el comando de las operaciones de Búsqueda y Rescate (SAR por las siglas en inglés de Search and Rescue) y pasarlo a manos de la Prefectura Naval Argentina (PNA).

De aprobarse, la modificación sería sustancial, ya que, de la órbita del ministerio de Defensa, a cargo de Oscar Aguad, recaería en el de Seguridad, encabezado por Patricia Bullrich.

La iniciativa se produce en dos momentos claves.

El primero, y quizás el más importante, es político y también económico. Fuentes gubernamentales le aseguraron a Infobae que se está elaborando un proyecto -que llevará tiempo- para que la Armada y Prefectura no compartan las mismas tareas, como por ejemplo el combate contra la pesca ilegal que hoy por hoy deberían realizar ambas.


 
Oscar Aguad y Patricia Bullrich

Para la Casa Rosada, este hecho hace que se "dupliquen esfuerzos y presupuesto". En la práctica la mayor presencia de efectivos y recursos, por ejemplo en la denominada "milla 201" corre por cuenta de Prefectura. Sin embargo, la Armada de la República Argentina (ARA) lo reconoce como una actividad propia.

De hecho, el submarino ARA San Juan tenía como una de sus misiones el "control del mar", esto era fotografiar y filmar pesqueros extranjeros que depredan la Zona Económica Exclusiva Argentina, aunque nunca una de esas delicadas tareas derivó en una denuncia judicial.

Como sea, la idea del gobierno de Mauricio Macri sería que en el mar "exista una sola armada como ocurre en los países de la región"; y esto es la Marina, y que Prefectura Naval Argentina (PNA), "se retire cada vez más a la costa, es decir patrullando los ríos y profundizando los controles contra el narcotráfico" que ingresa a nuestro país con fuerza utilizando la Hidrovía Paraná-Paraguay, y los cursos de agua fronterizos en el norte de nuestro país.


 Reforzarán los controles para combatir el crimen organizado en la Hidrovía


De hecho, el ministerio de Seguridad de la Nación ya adquirió cuatro lanchas rápidas de producción israelí, modelo Shaldag, para la Prefectura Naval Argentina, que serán utilizadas por esa fuerza policial en zonas fronterizas calientes, y que forman parte de un ambicioso plan de protección de fronteras.

Como se ve, cuando de agua se trata, tanto Defensa como Seguridad, intentan ocupar los mayores espacios y preponderancia. El proyecto de gobierno es darle a la Armada tareas específicas propias en momentos en que, por fortuna, la Argentina no tiene hipótesis de conflicto con fuerza navales extranjeras.

Si bien desde Gobierno entienden que detrás del proyecto parlamentario que intenta pasar de la Armada a la Prefectura el comando de la Búsqueda y Salvamento, "está la Prefectura", Infobae pudo saber -aunque públicamente se negará- que la iniciativa de los diputados nacionales del Bloque Propuesta Republicana Héctor Antonio Stefani y Antonio José Carambia, contaría con el visto bueno de la ministra Bullrich.

 
Patricia Bullrich

De seguir su curso parlamentario y ser aprobado, la Prefectura no solo tendrá la "actividad operativa como lo viene realizando desde 1981, sino que será la autoridad de aplicación del convenio internacional SAR". Es decir que tendrá la conducción y coordinación plena de los casos de búsqueda y rescate, pasando a ser, así, la Agencia Nacional SAR, según el proyecto al que accedió Infobae.

El segundo momento en que ingresó el proyecto a la Cámara de Diputados, esto es el 8 de junio pasado, son los siete meses que se cumplieron de la desaparición del ARA San Juan, y del mayor despliegue de un operativo SAR que se produjo en el mar argentino para hallar al submarino y sus 44 tripulantes.

El impactante despliegue contó con la participación de las mayores fuerzas navales del mundo, como la de los Estados Unidos, Rusia y Gran Bretaña.


 Búsqueda del ARA San Juan

Las razones

Entre sus fundamentos, el proyecto afirma que mediante la ley 22.445, dictada en 1.979, durante la presidencia de facto del genocida general Jorge Rafael Videla, se aprobó el Convenio Internacional sobre Búsqueda y Salvamento marítimo aprobado en la ciudad alemana de Hamburgo durante la Conferencia Internacional llevada a cabo con el auspicio de la Organización Marítima Internacional (OMI) en la que se dispuso que "la autoridad de aplicación del SAR fuera el Comando en Jefe de la Armada a través de sus organismos competentes, entre los que se encontraba por ese entonces la Prefectura naval Argentina institución especializada en la materia".

Como recuerda el mismo proyecto, el 19 de octubre de 1984, durante la presidencia de Raúl Ricardo Alfonsín, y a través del decreto 3.399 se modificó la "dependencia orgánica" de la PNA y se la pasó de la Armada al ministerio de Defensa desprendiéndola completamente de la órbita militar.

El 14 de diciembre de 2010, a través del decreto 1.993, ya con Cristina Fernández de Kirchner en el poder, Prefectura terminó recalando en el ministerio de Seguridad.

El proyecto no solo se detiene en cuestiones históricas de relevancia y de dependencia de la Prefectura, sino también estadísticas.

Por eso da cuenta que "desde la ratificación del Convenio Internacional sobre Búsqueda y Salvamento Marítimo en el año 1981 hasta la actualidad, la Prefectura Naval Argentina afectando recursos humanos y materiales propios ha dirigido y resuelto el 99,5% de los casos suscitados en el país".

El cuadro con ejemplos es contundente. En el año 2014 PNA participó, resolvió y dirigió 500 casos SAR, en 2015 fueron 488 salvamentos y así año tras año hasta llegar a los 171 que se realizaron en los primeros meses de este 2018, contando el actual operativo SAR desplegado en el sur de nuestro país y que intenta dar con los cuerpos de tripulantes del malogrado pesquero Rigel.




En concreto el artículo 1° del proyecto intenta sustituir el artículo 2° de la ley 22.445 para que quede redactado de la siguiente manera: "La autoridad de aplicación del instrumento citado (SAR) en el Artículo 1° será el ministerio de Seguridad a través de la Prefectura Naval Argentina".

El solo ingreso del proyecto a la Cámara de Diputados ya generó resquemores no solo en el ministerio de Defensa, sino también en la Armada que no quiere resignar, a manos de Prefectura ningún tipo de actividad.

Para que quede claro, el presupuesto de Defensa no contempla ninguna partida especial para las búsquedas y rescates, así que, al menos en este caso, el tironeo no es por dinero.

Solo como ejemplo, cuando el ministro Aguad declaró en la Comisión Bicameral parlamentaria que investiga la desaparición y búsqueda del ARA San Juan, aseguró, ante una pregunta concreta, que se destinaron para el despliegue SAR unos 750 millones de pesos que salieron de las arcas de la Armada y que debería ser compensada.

sábado, 16 de junio de 2018

USA le quiere embocar entrenadores a Vietnam

US Mulls Handing Over Military Trainer Aircraft to Vietnam





USAF basic trainer aircraft 

U.S. Defense Secretary Jim Mattis said on Friday that the U.S. is considering handing over trainer aircraft and other equipment to Vietnam to reinforce military ties between the two countries.

He also told his Vietnamese counterpart, Defense Minister Ngo Xuan Lich, that the U.S. wants to sign documents to lay the ground for further cooperation.

The People’s Army newspaper quoted the minister as saying relevant authorities of each nation should be assigned to work on building this cooperation.

At their meeting on the sidelines of the Shangri-La dialogue, a security forum in Singapore, the two leaders agreed that that cooperation between Vietnam and the U.S. has contributed to maintaining peace and stability in the region and the world, the report said.


USN advanced trainer aircraft

The military relationship between Vietnam and the U.S. has developed strongly in recent years, with the two countries putting the Vietnam War enmity behind them.

In a May 25 meeting, Defense Secretary Mattis and Vietnamese ambassador to the U.S. Pham Quang Vinh discussed ways to boost bilateral co-operation on maritime security amidst growing tensions in the South China Sea, known as the East Sea in Vietnam.

In late March, U.S. delivered six patrol boats to Vietnam's Coast Guard. The boats are part of a $20 million hardware and infrastructure package agreed upon by both countries.

Earlier that month, U.S. aircraft carrier the USS Carl Vinson’s historic visit to the central city of Da Nang marked a monumental milestone in the diplomatic relationship between the two countries. The event garnered global attention, being the first time a U.S. Navy aircraft carrier has docked in the country, four decades after the end of the Vietnam War.


USAF advanced trainer aircraft

Other markers of the strengthening defense relations between Vietnam and the U.S. are former President Obama’s 2016 decision to lift the ban on the sale of assault weapons to Vietnam, and the current administration’s identification of Vietnam as a “cooperative maritime partner.”

For the first time, the U.S. has invited Vietnam to join the 2018 Rim of the Pacific (RIMPAC) Exercise, one of the world’s largest multinational naval drills held every two years, according to American military newspaper Stars and Stripes.

The international maritime exercise slated for June 27- August 2 is expected to mobilize 26 nations, 47 surface ships, five submarines, 18 national land forces, and more than 200 aircraft and 25,000 naval forces.

VNExpress

viernes, 15 de junio de 2018

Noruega refuerza su frontera con Rusia

NATO-member Norway wants to double US troops near Russia


Norway will ask the US to double the number of troops stationed in its north and send them closer to its border with Russia. The move could raise tensions with Moscow, though Oslo had said it was not targeted at Russia.


DW


NATO member Norway has said it will ask Washington to send 700 US Marines to its northern region, compared to 330 on "rotation" since early last year.

Oslo's announcement followed a call on Friday by nine nations along NATO's eastern flank, including Estonia, Poland and Romania, for a stronger alliance presence.

NATO has bolstered its defenses in Central and Eastern Europe in response to growing fears, following Moscow's annexation of Crimea in 2014.

Oslo's request coincided Tuesday with its filing of a legal challenge to the US tariffs on steel and aluminum at the Geneva-based World Trade Organization (WTO).

Future deployments


If finalized, future US deployments would be stationed in Setermoen, 420 kilometers (260 miles) from Russia.

Currently, US troops are stationed in Vaernes in central Norway, despite loud protest from Moscow.

Norway said the invitation was about NATO training and improving winter fighting capability.

"Allies get better at training together," Defense Minister Frank Bakke-Jensen told reporters.

Foreign Minister Ine Eriksen Soreide said Oslo's request had broad Norwegian parliamentary support, and insisted there would be "no American bases on Norwegian soil."

She said Oslo couldn't see "any serious reason why Russia should react, even if we expect it will again this time since it always does about the allied exercises and training."

In October, some 35,000 troops from 30 NATO members and partners, along with 70 ships and about 130 aircraft, are to be deployed for an exercise code-named Trident Juncture 18, focused on central and northern Norway, and a command post exercise conducted mostly in Naples, Italy.


'More assertive Russia'


Before becoming a founding member of NATO in 1949, Norway sought to ease Russian concerns by saying it would not station foreign troops on its soil unless it was under threat of attack.

Last February while visiting Oslo, NATO chief and former Norwegian Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg spoke of a "more assertive Russia."

Russia and Norway share about 200 kilometers (120 miles) of land border as well as a maritime delimitation line extending across the Barents Sea and Arctic Ocean under a treaty reached in Murmansk in 2010.

ipj/cmk (AFP, Reuters, dpa)

jueves, 14 de junio de 2018

FFAA argentinas rechazan intervenir internamente

Las FFAA rechazaron la idea de transferir personal militar para tareas de seguridad interna 

Una comisión le transmitió al Ministerio de Defensa que es "inviable" e "incompatible" trasladar a oficiales del Ejército o personal de la Armada a la Gendarmería para dar apoyo al combate contra el delito






  Por Martín Dinatale 


En medio del debate por los posibles cambios en el rol de los militares y su participación en seguridad interna, las Fuerzas Armadas rechazaron de plano la idea de traspasar personal militar a las fuerzas de seguridad.

Según pudo saber Infobae, una comisión de estudio de las Fuerzas Armadas se reunió la semana pasada con las autoridades del Ministerio de Defensa que lidera Oscar Aguad y le comunicaron que la idea de transferir personal militar a las fuerzas de seguridad "resulta incompatible" e "inconveniente" según las leyes vigentes.

Hace un mes, el Ministerio de Seguridad evaluó la posibilidad de traspasar suboficiales del Ejército a Gendarmería y personal de la Armada a la Prefectura para sumarlos a las tareas de seguridad interna. Infobae adelantó en su momento que el objetivo de la ministra Patricia Bullrich era convocar a más efectivos para los operativos de seguridad en los grandes centros urbanos para revertir los alarmantes índices del delito, sin retirar gendarmes de las fronteras, donde se incauta el 90% de la droga que ingresa al país.

La propuesta había sido discutida con la Jefatura de Gabinete pero desde las Fuerzas Armadas le transmitieron al ministro Aguad que ese proyecto resulta "inviable" o que, eventualmente, se debería modificar el actual régimen legal de funcionamiento del personal militar.

La semana pasada hubo una reunión de una comisión de estudio en las Fuerzas Armadas donde se descartó esa posibilidad. "Técnicamente, es muy complicada de instrumentar porque se necesita reformular dos leyes de funcionamiento de ambas fuerzas involucradas", explicaron a Infobae especialistas que estudiaron el tema.

Así, se argumentó que la ley de personal militar es "incompatible con las características de las fuerzas de seguridad". Y para los militares hoy resulta "inconveniente" modificar este régimen.

También hubo otras fuentes castrenses consultadas que añadieron que más allá de la ley de seguridad interior donde se marca el campo de acción a las fuerzas de seguridad y la ley de defensa hay "diferencias en las leyes orgánicas de funcionamiento de cada fuerza".

Si bien económicamente a los militares les resultaría beneficioso este traspaso, ya que un oficial cobra mucho menos que un gendarme, lo cierto es que en las Fuerzas Armadas explicaron que hay "una formación técnica diferente" de la Gendarmería o la Prefectura que hace incompatible la unificación del personal.

En cambio, habría una aceptación plena de la idea del Ministerio de Seguridad de disponer a los militares en la defensa de los "centros críticos" de la Argentina como ser centrales nucleares, represas o determinados edificios públicos situados en zonas de frontera.

Según explicaron desde el Ministerio de Defensa, las Fuerzas Armadas avalan esta idea de dar cobertura militar a los "centros críticos" para que liberar así al personal de la Gendarmería o la Prefectura de esos lugares y trasladarlos a zonas donde se necesite combatir el narcotráfico o la frontera porosa para el tráfico de mercaderías.

En las Fuerzas Armadas existe una visión general de acompañamiento a la propuesta del presidente Mauricio Macri de darle un nuevo rol a los militares en la lucha contra la inseguridad y el narcotráfico. Sin embargo, se muestran cautos a la hora de evaluar los argumentos legales y los detalles de la forma en que esta iniciativa podría ser llevada a la práctica.