viernes, 30 de septiembre de 2016

Incidentes fronterizos escalan entre India y Pakistán

Tensions rise in South Asia as India launches “surgical strikes” on Pakistani terror camps

The strikes will escalate tensions. (Reuters/Amit Dave)

Devjyot Ghoshal - Quartz

The Indian Army carried out a series of “surgical strikes” on terrorist bases in Pakistan, across the Line of Control (LoC) in Jammu and Kashmir (J&K), on the night of Sept. 28.
“Based on very specific and credible information which we received yesterday that some terrorist teams had positioned themselves at launch pads along the line of control with an aim to carry out infiltration and terrorist strikes in Jammu and Kashmir, and various other metros in our country, the Indian Army conducted surgical strikes last night at these launch pads,” lieutenant general Ranbir Singh, the director general of military operation (DGMO) of the Indian Army, said in a surprise press conference today (Sept. 29).
“The operations were basically focussed to ensure that these terrorists do not succeed in their design of infiltration and carrying out destruction and endangering the lives of citizens of our country,” Singh added.
The military action comes 11 days after terrorists, allegedly backed by Pakistan, attacked an Indian Army base in Uri in J&K, killing 18 soldiers, the most casualties suffered by Indian troops in more than a decade.
Although the DGMO did not specify what he meant by “surgical strikes,” the term may well mean that the Indian Army crossed the LoC, the de-facto border between the two countries, into Pakistani-controlled territory. So far, the Indian Army has only said that the operation inflicted “significant casualties” but has not provided any figures, or any evidence of the damage inflicted.
Pakistan has denied that any such cross-border action has taken place. “This quest by Indian establishment to create media hype by rebranding cross border fire as surgical strike is fabrication of truth. Pakistan has made it clear that if there is a surgical strike on Pakistani soil, same will be strongly responded,” the Pakistani military said in a statement.
Tensions have been rising between the two nuclear-armed neighbours over the past week, with India accusing Pakistan of continuing to back terror groups, which have repeatedly staged attacks across the border. The issue was even raked up at the United Nations General Assembly in New York last week, with Pakistani prime minister Nawaz Sharif and Indian foreign minister Sushma Swaraj making strong statements.
These “surgical strikes” will escalate tensions even further, although the Indian Army has made it clear that it currently does not plan to undertake similar actions in the coming days.
“The operations aimed at neutralising the terrorists have since ceased. We do not have any plans for further continuations of the operations. However the Indian armed forces are fully prepared for any contingencies that may arise,” Singh said.
But it’s not that such military manoeuvres have not taken place before. “There have been a number of occasions when people (Indian soldiers) have gone across,” said former Indian Army chief, general Bikram Singh, speaking to television news channel CNN News 18.
Meanwhile, India’s benchmark Sensex index closed 465 points, or 1.6%, lower, after the army made the announcement.

jueves, 29 de septiembre de 2016

Actualización del Hawk malayo

HAWK 208 RMAF : Battle Proven, Deadly and Future Upgrades

RMAF Hawk 208

Airod Sdn Bhd dah sain MOU dengan BAE Systems untuk upgrade RMAF Hawk.

Antara upgrade yang dicadangkan Cockpit displays, HUDs (mission computers) and the RWR (Radar Warning Receiver).

Upgrade ini membolehkan Hawk 208 untuk bawa dan tembak AIM-9X Sidewinder.

Upgrade ini juga membolehkan Hawk dipasangkan targeting pods untuk pandu bom panduan laser, rockets dan peluru berpandu.


miércoles, 28 de septiembre de 2016

Paz en Colombia

Histórico: el gobierno de Colombia y las FARC firmaron la paz
Santos y "Timochenko" rubricaron el acuerdo que desmoviliza a la guerrilla y le permite participar en política; el pacto pone fin a 52 años de guerra
La Nación

Juan Manuel Santos y Rodrigo Londoño, tras la firma del histórico acuerdo

Juan Manuel Santos y Rodrigo Londoño ("Timochenko") firmaron el acuerdo de paz entre el gobierno de Colombia y las FARC. La histórica rúbrica se concretó en Cartagena, ante la mirada de jefes de Estado que presenciaron el apretón de manos entre el presidente colombiano y el líder guerrillero.

Santos y Londoño firmaron el acuerdo con un "balígrafo" y ante la mirada del presidente de Cuba, Raúl Castro, uno de los mediadores de las negociaciones que llegaron a buen puerto en La Habana.

"Fuerte y claro: no más guerra, no más la guerra que nos dejó cientos de miles de muertos, millones de víctimas y desplazados, y tantas heridas que tenemos que empezar a sanar", enfatizó el presidente colombiano.

"Nosotros vamos a cumplir y esperamos que el gobierno cumpla", dijo Timochenko. "Pedimos perdón por el dolor que hayamos podido causar en esta guerra", subrayó el líder guerrillero.

Ante la mirada de los presidentes Pedro Pablo Kuczynski (Perú), Mauricio Macri (Argentina), Nicolás Maduro (Venezuela), Michelle Bachelet (Chile), Horacio Cartes(Paraguay) y Rafael Correa (Ecuador), entre otros, Santos y Timochenko estrecharon sus manos en un emotivo momento. El presidente le entregó al líder guerrillero un pin de una paloma de la paz. Borge Brende, canciller noruego, estuvo en el estrado en representación del país en el que, en 2012, se iniciaron las conversaciones de paz.

Destacados diplomáticos y ex mandatarios del mundo se congregaron en Cartagena de Indias. Se pudo ver, entre otros, al ex presidente del gobierno español Felipe González y al ex secretario general de la ONU Kofi Annan. El rey emérito de España, Juan Carlos de Borbón, estaba en el escenario. Ban Ki-moon, actual mandamás de la ONU, pronunció un discurso.

"Espero que los colombianos puedan unirse y hacer de esto un proyecto nacional'', dijo el secretario general de la ONU. "Aliento a las partes a que permanezcan fuertemente comprometidas'', agregó.

Una flota de avionetas de las que emanaba humo con los colores de la bandera colombiana coronó el histórico momento de la firma del acuerdo de paz. A todos los presentes, unas 2500 personas especialmente invitadas, se les pidió vestir de blanco como símbolo de paz.

martes, 27 de septiembre de 2016

China roza la frontera aérea japonesa en maniobras

Japan scrambles jets over China flights along Miyako Straits

A Chinese H-6K bomber flying over the a reef in the South china Sea

China said about 40 of its aircraft were involved in a routine drill
Japan says it scrambled fighter jets on Sunday after eight Chinese military aircraft flew between Japanese islands.
The planes, thought to be bombers, surveillance planes and one fighter jet, flew along the Miyako Straits, between Okinawa and Miyakojima.
China said about 40 of its aircraft had been involved in what it said was a routine drill.
The planes did not cross into Japanese airspace, but the move is being seen as a show of force by China.

It comes one week after Japan said it would take part in joint training exercises with the US navy in the South China Sea.
Japan's top government spokesman said Japan would be watching China's military movements closely.
Tokyo will "continue to devote every effort to vigilance and surveillance and rigorously enforce steps against intrusions into our airspace based on international law and the self-defence forces law", said Yoshihide Suga.
The Miyako Strait is a strategically important 250km (155 miles) wide stretch of water south of Okinawa and close to Taiwan.
It is also close to a group of islands in the East China Sea which are claimed by both Japan and China.
Japan, which controls the islands, calls them Senkaku, while China calls them the Diaoyu Islands.

lunes, 26 de septiembre de 2016

Modernizando las alas neozelandesas

Renewing RNZAF’s Fixed-Wing Fleet

Responses to two New Zealand RfIs for both transport and maritime patrol aircraft are due on 30 September.

The Future Air Mobility Capability (FAMC) requirement is seeking a ‘no less than…equivalent’ replacement capability for five Lockheed Martin C-130H Hercules and two Boeing 757-200 transport aircraft of the Royal New Zealand Air Force (RNZAF).

At the same time, the Future Air Surveillance Capability (FASC) will replace six in-service P-3K2 Orion maritime patrol aircraft.

The separate RfIs are interested in any ‘potential synergies between these two projects that would optimise platform operation, training and through-life logistics support’.

The RNZAF wants strategic and tactical airlift that may combine a mix of up to two different aircraft types. First delivery of the Hercules replacement is required by February 2020, with full operational capability to be achieved no later than 2024.

There is a later schedule for the 757s, with the first replacement to arrive by February 2025, so that an initial operational capability can be reached within 12 months.

The chosen platforms must have a proven capability, and be capable of all-weather flying, integration with C4I capabilities and a well-defined upgrade path. The ability to fly to Ross Dependency in Antarctica, some 4,000km away, is listed.

There are limited numbers of contenders for the FAMC. With the Boeing C-17A out of production and the likelihood of obtaining second-hand examples slim, this leaves the Airbus A400M and C295, the C-130J Super Hercules, Kawasaki C-2, Alenia C-27J Spartan and Embraer KC-390 as possible contenders.

Turning to the FASC, the RfI states the operational concept ‘will be largely a continuation of the extant P-3K2 Orion-based concept, adapted to exploit any greater platform and capability systems performance of the FASC fleet and support systems’.

The RfI stated that ‘preferably greater’ than the current rate of effort, 2,500-3,200 flight hours per year, should be achieved by the FASC solution.

The mission sets for the FASC include: surveillance and reconnaissance, search and rescue, anti-submarine and anti-surface warfare, precision strike, and command, control and communications.

Respondents are invited to propose system of systems solutions that might incorporate manned, remotely piloted and space-based platforms.

The Orions have already undergone a life extension upgrade to replace their sensors and mission management equipment, but they are due to be retired in the mid-2020s.

Under the current Underwater Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (UWISR) project, a $26.3 million contract with Boeing was announced on 24 August. UWISR will add submarine detection systems to all six Orions.


domingo, 25 de septiembre de 2016

Sigue el desarrollo del BTR-4M ucraniano

Ukraine Continue Develops BTR-4M with Machine Gun

Modification of the BTR-4 (B1370) with a machine gun mount

Ukraine tested the new version of wheeled armored personnel carriers BTR-4 (B1370) with a machine gun mount, which is being developed for the Indonesian armed forces. Reported the

Earlier it was reported that several military vehicles on the basis of the BTR-4, including a machine gun mount has already been sent to Indonesia to conduct a series of benchmark tests.

The new version of BTR-4M has successfully demonstrated the potential customer a good nautical characteristics during testing in Saltov reservoir.

The new version of an armored personnel carrier was the German Deutz engine and additional side and head-on modules for improving the characteristics of seaworthiness and buoyancy.

It is reported that Marines (one of the branches of the forces of the Naval Forces of Indonesia) are interested in buying at least 50 wheeled combat vehicles after passing a series of tests, some units were shipped by expedition ship.

After the evaluation test will take a final decision on supplying of combat vehicles for the Indonesian armed forces.

Military Informant

sábado, 24 de septiembre de 2016

Acuerdo de colaboración con Francia incluye Antártida

Ángel Tello: "Podemos organizar con Francia algo en conjunto en la Antártida"
El Ministerio de Defensa retomó los acuerdos de cooperación con Francia que había suspendido la gestión kirchnerista
Luisa Corradini - LA NACION

PARÍS.- Francia y la Argentina sentaron las bases para emprender un proceso de cooperación en la Antártida, reveló en París el secretario de Estrategia y Asuntos Militares del Ministerio de Defensa, Ángel Tello.

El funcionario formuló el anuncio tras la reunión bilateral entre ministerios de Defensa de ambos países, en esta ciudad. El encuentro marcó la reanudación de las reuniones anuales estratégicas, que habían sido anuladas en 2015 por el gobierno de Cristina Kirchner .

Foto: Archivo

"Lo importante en este tipo de encuentros es intercambiar experiencias en el plano estratégico. La posibilidad de organizar algo en conjunto en la Antártida abre una perspectiva muy interesante. A Francia le interesa mucho esa región, que nosotros conocemos perfectamente", explicó. "La colaboración en ese terreno podría consistir, por ejemplo, en organizar patrullas conjuntas y eventualmente hasta compartir bases", precisó.

La agenda de conversaciones incluyó temas vinculados con el terrorismo y una reflexión estratégica. "Francia habló de sus operaciones en África y Medio Oriente, del Libro Blanco (documento que fija las orientaciones estratégicas del país en materia de defensa), que estará terminado en los próximos meses, y de la política en el Atlántico francés. También se conversó sobre piratería, narcotráfico y terrorismo en el Atlántico", dijo Tello.

La Argentina, por su parte, habló de la Antártida, la política de defensa nacional para los cuatro años del gobierno de Mauricio Macri y las operaciones de paz. "Presentamos un informe sobre las dos misiones actuales en las que participan fuerzas argentinas -Chipre y Haití- y reafirmamos la intención de nuestro país de "volver al mundo". Eso significa participar en otras operaciones de este tipo. "Les informamos sobre cómo será nuestra posible presencia en Colombia, con gente desarmada y sin uniforme", explicó.

-¿Y en África, como habían solicitado los franceses cuando viajó el ministro Julio Martínez, en junio último?

-La condición que ponemos para esas operaciones es que se trate de una misión de las Naciones Unidas, decidida por el Consejo de Seguridad. En principio, se podría hacer en la República Centroafricana.

-En ese país no hay actividades terroristas, sino enfrentamiento interreligiosos.

-Así es. La idea es enviar observadores y hacerlo juntamente con Chile, con el objetivo principal de ayudar a las poblaciones locales. Por ejemplo, instalando plantas potabilizadoras de agua.

-¿Qué se habló en materia de terrorismo?

-No hablamos de terrorismo como amenaza interna, sino en el contexto internacional. Francia nos explicó los problemas que enfrentan y la evolución permanente de estrategia que requiere esta nueva situación.

-¿Los franceses solicitaron una colaboración específica?

-No. La colaboración en este tema concierne a los ministerios de Interior y seguridad de cada país.

Al margen de la reunión bilateral, la delegación argentina también tomó contacto con los responsables del Instituto de Altos Estudios de Defensa Nacional, una universidad abierta a civiles y a militares.

"La idea es tomar como referencia el sistema de formación de excelencia que tiene ese instituto para aplicarlo en la Universidad de Defensa Nacional en la Argentina, cuyo rector, Gonzalo Álvarez, viajó con nosotros a París", dijo Tello.

También acordaron un sistema de cooperación con el Centro de Estudios de Relaciones Internacionales (CERI), dependiente de Sciences-Po. "Con ambas instituciones haremos intercambio de alumnos, profesores, investigaciones y documentación", explicó.

En materia de compra de material a Francia y equipamiento para las Fuerzas Armadas, Tello se limitó a una lacónica respuesta. "Seguimos estudiando todas las propuestas, en el marco de nuestras posibilidades", dijo.

Según pudo saber LA NACION, no sólo Francia ha ofrecido equipamiento militar para las tres armas y espera con impaciencia una definición. China, Israel, Estados Unidos, Corea del Sur, Italia e incluso Rusia también propusieron sus propias versiones de aviones caza y/o de entrenamiento, tanto supersónicos como subsónicos.

viernes, 23 de septiembre de 2016

Argentina y Ucrania, interesadas en cooperar en la industria de cohetes espaciales y fabricación de aviones

Macri y Poroshenko dan el primer paso

Traducción del parte de prensa de la Presidencia de Ucrania del 20 de septiembre de 2016: 

 "En el marco de la 71ª sesión de la Asamblea General de la ONU, el presidente de Ucrania, Petro Poroshenko llevó a cabo negociaciones con el presidente de Argentina, Mauricio Macri.

Los Jefes de Estado señalaron el hecho de que la reunión entre los presidentes de Ucrania y Argentina se llevaba a cabo por primera vez en los últimos 16 años.

Las partes hicieron hincapié en la importancia de restaurar los contactos políticos y empresariales activos entre los dos estados en todos los niveles.

Los dos presidentes confirmaron el interés mutuo en desarrollar la cooperación bilateral económico-comercial y las prioridades definidas: la cooperación en materia energética, la industria de cohetes espaciales y fabricación de aeronaves, así como la agricultura.

Petro Poroshenko hizo hincapié en que Ucrania siempre recordaría el hecho de que la Argentina ha sido el único país latinoamericano en reconocer a la República Popular de Ucrania en febrero de 1921 y establecer relaciones diplomáticas con ella. También ha sido el primer país latinoamericano en reconocer la independencia de Ucrania, el 5 de diciembre de 1991.

Por su parte, Mauricio Macri apreció enormemente la contribución de la numerosa comunidad ucraniana para el desarrollo de Argentina y señaló que en 2017, su país marcaría el 120º aniversario de los primeros asentamientos de Ucrania en Argentina."

Fuente: Sitio oficial de la Presidencia de Ucrania

FA-50 filipino capaz de múltiples misiones

FA-50PHs Capable of Doing Many Missions - DND Chief

F/A-50 PH of the PAF

MANILA (PNA) --- The South Korean-made FA-50PH "Fighting Eagle" is capable of doing many missions for the Philippine Air Force (PAF).

This is probably why the previous administration has opted to acquire this aircraft, said Department of National Defense (DND) Secretary Delfin Lorenzana.

"The justification I see why the previous administration decided to acquire the FA-50PH is that it is a lead-in fighter aircraft which means it can be both use as a trainer and fighter," he added in Filipino.

Lorenzana said such configurations were necessary considering that PAF pilots had been without a modern fighter aircraft for a long time and they could be given sophisticated fighters like the F-15 "Eagle" without rigorous training.

The PAF has retired its fleet of Northrop F-5 "Tiger" fighter jets due to airframe ageing and lack of spare parts, forcing the service to convert its SIAI-Marchetti S-211 jet trainers for this role.

"It takes years to train fighter pilots, (we will use) the FA-50PHs first and then later if we have (financial) capabilities to purchase the real fighter planes, we will do that," he added.

The Philippines has a 12 FA-50PH order from Korea Aerospace Industries (KAI) worth Php18.9 billion.

The first two units arrived last Nov. 28 with the remaining 10 to be delivered during 2016 and 2017.

The FA-50PHs have a top speed of Mach 1.5 or one and a half times the speed of sound and are capable of being fitted air-to-air missiles, including the AIM-9 "Sidewinder" air-to-air and heat-seeking missiles aside from light automatic cannons.

The "Fighting Eagle" will act as the country's interim fighter until the Philippines get enough experience of operating fast jet assets and money to fund the acquisition of more capable fighter aircraft.

Its design is largely derived from the F-16 "Fighting Falcon", and they have many similarities: use of a single engine, speed, size, cost, and the range of weapons.

KAI's previous engineering experience in license-producing the KF-16 was a starting point for the development of the F/A-50.

The aircraft can carry two pilots in tandem seating. The high-mounted canopy developed by Hankuk Fiber is applied with stretched acrylic, providing the pilots with good visibility, and has been tested to offer the canopy with ballistic protection against four-pound objects impacting at 400 knots.

The altitude limit is 14,600 meters (48,000 feet), and airframe is designed to last 8,000 hours of service.

There are seven internal fuel tanks with capacity of 2,655 liters (701 US gallons), five in the fuselage and two in the wings.

An additional 1,710 liters (452 US gallons) of fuel can be carried in the three external fuel tanks.

Trainer variants have a paint scheme of white and red, and aerobatic variants white, black, and yellow.

The FA-50PH uses a single General Electric F404-102 turbofan engine license-produced by Samsung Techwin, upgraded with a full authority digital engine control system jointly developed by General Electric and Korean Aerospace Industries.

The engine consists of three-staged fans, seven axial stage arrangement, and an afterburner.

Its engine produces a maximum of 78.7 kN (17,700 lbf) of thrust with afterburner.