miércoles, 19 de diciembre de 2018

Maniobras antiterroristas africanas dirigidas por Egipto

Egypt holds joint anti-terror military exercises with African states

Army Recognition

The Egyptian armed forces started on Sunday joint counterterrorism military exercises with African counterparts. Sudan, Nigeria and Burkina Faso are the first group of states from the Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD) with which Egypt plans to hold joint drills. Held at Egypt's Mohamed Naguib military base, the largest in the Middle East and Africa that is located in Egypt's Mediterranean province of Matrouh, the joint exercises will last until Dec. 14.

The Egyptian army in action (Picture source: Albawaba)

"It is the first time to be held in Egypt," said Egyptian military spokesman Tamer al-Refaie in the statement, noting that the joint work aims at bolstering Egypt's military relations with fellow African states and creating harmony among African special forces dealing with terrorist threats. "It trains the participants forces on the way to deal with different terrorist threats such as militant groups, free hostages and work as one team with the forces of other friendly states," Refaie added. He noted that CEN-SAD states are divided into several groups that will have similar joint military exercises at different dates according to a specific timetable to include all them.

The drills seek to enhance the security and stability of Africa in confrontation of threats and challenges, according to the statement. The CEN-SAD member states include Libya, the founder, Egypt, Sudan, Nigeria, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Cote d'Ivoire, the Comoros, Mali, Liberia, Morocco, Tunisia, Guinea-Bissau, Mauritania, Gambia, Central African Republic, Eritrea, Benin, Senegal, Togo, Somalia, Niger, Chad, Djibouti and Sierra Leone. Egypt regularly holds military exercises with Arab, African and Western countries to boost military collaboration and exchange military expertise with them.

martes, 18 de diciembre de 2018

Japón venderá radares FPS-3 a Filipinas

Japan Considers Sell FPS-3 Radar to Philippine

Japan aims to sell the Philippines an upgraded version of the FPS-3 air defense radar system made by Mitsubishi Electric (photo : Nikkei)

Philippines sounded out by Japan on air-defense radar

TOKYO -- Japan is considering selling air defense radar technology to the Philippines in what would be its first export of defense equipment since ending a nearly 50-year ban in 2014.

Tokyo is sounding out the Philippines about buying an upgraded model of the Mitsubishi Electric-made FPS-3 air defense radar system, which Japan's Air Self-Defense Force has used since 1991 in missile defense and monitoring airspace incursions. Tokyo has already begun offering technical information on the system to Manila.

Japan's thinking goes that upgrading the less-than-cutting-edge radar to meet the Philippines' needs will keep costs down, helping it win orders. The price is expected to be between 1 billion yen and 2 billion yen ($8.87 million and $17.7 million). Manila has also approached the U.S. and Israel on the matter, according to a source connected to the Japanese government, and may decide as early as the start of next year.

FPS-3 air defense radar system made by Mitsubishi Electric (photo : Japan MoD)

Japan's defense cooperation with the Philippines, which had centered on joint military exercises, has expanded into defense equipment in recent years. In March, Japan's Maritime Self-Defense Force donated TC-90 trainer craft to the Philippine navy. And Japan agreed in June to grant parts for multi-mission UH-1H helicopters formerly used by the Ground Self-Defense Force to the Philippine air force.

The two sides are interested in partnering on maritime security as China continues to build up its military presence in the South China Sea, a vital sea lane for goods and energy shipments for both Tokyo and Manila. By exporting air-defense radars to the Philippines, Japan hopes to improve the Southeast Asian country's detection and surveillance capabilities and help maintain safety in the region.

Japan essentially banned arms exports for decades until April 2014, when the cabinet laid out basic rules letting the country transfer defense equipment and technology and participate in international joint development under certain conditions, such as when it contributes to Japan's security. Selling the radars to the Philippines was judged appropriate because it would further bilateral defense cooperation.

Tokyo has not yet sold any defense equipment under the new rules. Japan sought to build submarines for export to Australia, but lost the deal to France in 2016. An effort to sell P-1 patrol jets to the U.K. also fell through, and Japan lost a bid to supply radar for the Thai air forces to a Spanish company.


Typhoons de la RAF despegan con Meteor por primera vez

RAF Typhoons scrambled with Meteor missile for the first time

Air Recognition

RAF Typhoons launched from RAF Lossiemouth this morning for the first time with the Meteor Air-to-Air missile in defence of UK airspace during a Quick Reaction Alert (QRA) mission. This event represents the culmination of many years of research, development and testing to bring this advanced weapon into service on front-line aircraft.

RAF Typhoon equipped with Meteor missiles takes off from RAF Lossiemouth
(Credit: Crown Copyright)

RAF Typhoons maintain a constant state of readiness to defend the sovereignty of British skies. The introduction of Meteor brings a new and innovative long-range capability and further enhances Typhoon’s already potent arsenal. This year they have been scrambled for a variety of incidents including intercepting Russian bombers approaching UK airspace.

"This latest missile system demonstrates the next chapter of the Typhoon which will see the jet evolve its ability to target and destroy any airborne threat at great distances. The Meteor missile will provide an unrelenting deterrence to those who wish harm upon the UK and our Armed Forces.

The RAF’s prized Typhoon Force is unquestionably now the cornerstone of British and NATO military power. It has proved itself in combat roles over Libya, Iraq and Syria, protecting UK skies and overseas territories, and providing critical support to our NATO Allies in Eastern Europe," the British Defence Secretary Gavin Williamson said.

"RAF Quick Reaction Alert Typhoon fighters are now armed with the most advanced Air to Air missile in the world, the MBDA developed ramjet powered Meteor. Another huge leap forward in capability for the Typhoon Force, which is proud to continue defending the UK and our allies, 24/7," the Chief of the Air Staff Air Chief Marshal Sir Stephen Hillier said.

The missile system is a worthy investment as it can fly in any weather condition, perform against all current and known future threats; including combat aircraft, unmanned aerial vehicles/missiles and will eventually operate from the F-35 Lightning aircraft. Crucially, the Meteor and launch aircraft will be networked by a datalink ensuring highly accurate and intelligent air strikes.

"The responsibility of flying such a capable platform, armed with this formidable weapon is immense, but the options this gives us in responding to an emergency situation cannot be understated," the pilot flying the first Meteor equipped Typhoon said.

Meteor is a state of the art complex weapon developed by a six nation European partnership led by the UK. It is built and manufactured by MBDA in Stevenage and has created 430 jobs across the country.

The RAF will continue to develop the missile through life, in-step with our International Defence and Industrial partners, supporting the UK Aerospace Industry, while maintaining the UK’s sovereign ‘capability edge’.

lunes, 17 de diciembre de 2018

Rusia entra en África a través de la República Centroafricana

Russia's New African Launch Pad: The Central African Republic

 By Max Seddon and Tom Wilson • OZY

The team of Russian journalists who flew into the Central African Republic (CAR) last month were on a mission to investigate Moscow’s growing role in one of the world’s poorest nations. Days after arriving, the three men were murdered by unknown assailants. Their local driver told CAR authorities that they were killed at a roadside checkpoint by turban-wearing men speaking Arabic or a similar language.

While the killings are still being investigated, the case highlights Russia’s increasing presence in the CAR, a country that has become a staging point for Moscow’s latest geopolitical ambition — a push into Africa. It has also raised questions about the nature of Russia’s involvement: The journalists were said by the publication who sent them to be looking into the CAR activities of a controversial Russian businessman with ties to the Kremlin.

An influential backer of communism across Africa for decades, Moscow ceded influence to Western rivals after the collapse of the Soviet Union. More recently, China has made huge inroads, investing $220 billion in 2014 alone. Russia’s move into the CAR — and in several other African nations — suggests a new willingness to re-engage and make up for lost time.

“We are well behind everyone, but it’s temporary,” says Evgeny Korendyasov, a former ambassador to a number of African countries. “Now we are trying to correct that and use our competitive advantage when we can.”

Russia is intensifying its relationships in Africa, and CAR is one of their entry points. The government is weak, so it’s an easy target.

Thierry Vircoulon, Central Africa expert, International Crisis Group

So far this year Russia has struck military cooperation deals with the Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Guinea and Mozambique. Others, including Nigeria and Angola, have agreed to buy arms from Moscow or are working with Russia to exploit mineral deposits. “We have the competitive advantage in the arms trade because we have a better cost-benefit ratio,” Korendyasov says. “The Africans like that better because it is more at the level they can afford.”

But nowhere is Russia’s recent entry more pronounced than in the CAR. Russia’s involvement in the country began in December when a team of military instructors and 170 “civilian advisers” arrived in Bangui to train the country’s army and presidential guard. Nine weapons shipments have arrived in the CAR capital since.

Though Faustin-Archange Touadéra, CAR president, has restored some semblance of government since taking power in 2016, 80 percent of the country is still controlled by more than a dozen rebel groups.

“Russia is intensifying its relationships in Africa, and CAR is one of their entry points,” says Thierry Vircoulon, a Central Africa expert with the International Crisis Group. “The government is weak, so it’s an easy target.”
After meeting President Vladimir Putin in St. Petersburg in June, Touadéra expressed hopes for “more active cooperation.” His national security adviser is a Russian, and Russians have formed part of his presidential guard.

The landlocked CAR consistently ranks at the bottom of the United Nations’ Human Development Index. Decades of fighting between different armed groups have stunted economic development, despite its rich natural resources. Large deposits of gold, diamonds and uranium have attracted foreign interest, but instability and violence mean few investments have succeeded.

Source Financial Times

The three murdered men, all freelance journalists, traveled to the CAR as part of a story for an investigative news outlet financed by Mikhail Khodorkovsky, a onetime Russian oligarch turned fierce critic of the Kremlin.

The publication says the reporters’ aim was to visit a gold mine in a rebel-held area they believed was operated by a company owned by Evgeny Prigozhin, a prominent Russian businessman. Prigozhin, known as “Putin’s chef” for owning a company that provides the catering for lavish Kremlin banquets, was indicted in the United States this year for allegedly running an online “troll farm” that aims to sway voters in U.S. elections.

Prigozhin told a state news wire at the time that he was “completely not bothered” by the U.S. indictment. “The Americans are really impressionable people. They see what they want to see,” he says. “If they want to see the devil, let them see him.”

He is also reported by independent Russian media to have links to Wagner, the main private military contractor for the Russian army. The Russian military confirmed earlier this year that it sent “civilian instructors” to CAR.

The U.S. Treasury Department said in 2016 that Prigozhin had “extensive business dealings” with the Defense Ministry in Moscow and that a company with “significant ties to him” had a contract to build a military base near the Russia-Ukraine border. Last year, the U.S. Treasury sanctioned Wagner for allegedly sending mercenaries to eastern Ukraine and Syria. Wagner’s men were among more than 100 people whom the Pentagon said died in an airstrike after they advanced on a U.S. base near Deir al-Zor in February. Russian mercenaries in Syria are reported to have secured deals from Damascus to take a cut of proceeds in exchange for capturing rebel-held oil fields — raising suspicions that the CAR may offer something similar.

“It’s a set formula for promoting your strategic interests in foreign countries through private business,” says Ilya Shumanov, deputy head of Transparency International’s Russia branch. “The logic is that you bind the leadership of the country you’re interested in with financial obligations and sort it out through diplomatic and back channels.”

Lewis Mudge, a senior Africa researcher for Human Rights Watch, says: “Everyone in CAR is saying that Wagner is there.” Attempts to contact Prigozhin were unsuccessful. We were unable to contact Wagner as the group’s existence is not officially recognized and it has no public representatives.

Korendyasov, the former ambassador, insists Russia was being singled out for criticism because it is late to the party, when Moscow’s interests are no different from anyone else’s. “The French are very jealous of our presence in the CAR,” he says. “Everyone wants resources in Africa.”

Torpedos para USV en proyecto italiano-israelí

Elbit, Leonardo join forces to add new torpedo capability for Seagull USV

December 2018 Naval News

Elbit Systems is now teaming with Leonardo to Develop Additional Torpedo Capability for Seagull USV, the Israel-based company said on December 6, 2018.

(Credit: Elbit Systems)

Adding to the Seagull Unmanned Surface Vessels’ (USV) capability to mount and launch light weight torpedoes, Elbit Systems ISTAR division has teamed with Leonardo to develop and demonstrate Leonardo’s lightweight and mini torpedoes launching capabilities from the USV. The two companies announced the agreement at Exponaval (Valparaiso, Chile, 4-7 December).

The solution will be based on the same architecture used for airborne torpedo launching systems. Operational with the Israeli Navy, Elbit Systems’ Seagull USV performed superbly in the Belgian Defence Ministry 2017 North Sea trials and has been participating regularly in international naval exercises conducting Mine Counter Measures and Anti-Submarine Warfare missions.

Leonardo holds a strategic market position in the design, production and integration of torpedoes with over 30 Countries having selected its systems.

domingo, 16 de diciembre de 2018

Bielorrusia defiende su planta nuclear con TOR-M2

TOR-M2 air defense missile systems to protect Belarus nuclear power plant

December 2018 Global Defense Security

A battery of Tor-M2 SAM (Surface-To-Air defense missile system) produced by Concern Almaz-Antey will enter in service with the 1146th Guards surface-to-air missile regiment deployed near a Belarusian nuclear power plant, which is under construction, Major General Igor Golub, the commander of the Air and Air Defense Forces of the Belarusian Armed Forces, said.

Tor-M2 air defense missile system of Belarus Army (Picture source belrynok)

"Russia will supply another battery of Tor-M2 surface-to-air missile systems soon. They will come in service with the 1146th Guards surface-to-air missile regiment," the commander quoted by the Belorusskaya Voennaya Gazeta military newspaper said.

Previous reports said that Concern Almaz-Antey had handed over a shipment of Tor-M2 surface-to-air missiles to the Belarusian Defense Ministry ahead of time. They had been assembled a month ahead of schedule. Belarus has received the fifth SAM shipment.

The 1146th surface-to-air regiment was revived in Belarus in 2017. The four-battery regiment is armed with Tor-M2 surface-to-air missiles. It protects the Belarusian airspace in the northwest covering the Belarusian nuclear power station.

The Tor-M2 is an upgraded version of the Tor-M1 short-range air defense missile system. The TOR-M2/M2E is designed by the Russian Defense Company Almaz-Antey. The TOR-M2 / M2E is designed to destroy aircraft, helicopters, aerodynamic UAVs, guided missiles and other components of high precision weapons flying at medium, low and extremely low altitudes in adverse air and jamming environment. The Tor-M2 missile system can be mounted on wheeled or tracked chassis.

The Tor-M2 can simultaneously engage up to 48 processed targets and ten tracked targets.The TOR-M2 can engage a target at the range from 1,000 to 12,000 m and to an altitude from 10 to 10,000 m.

Corea del Sur ordena nueva serie de SM-2

South Korea orders new batch of SM-2 air defense missiles

December 2018 Naval News

South Korea decided Friday to purchase dozens of additional U.S.-made ship-to-air missiles to be placed on three new 7,600-ton Aegis-equipped destroyers currently under development, Seoul's arms procurement agency said.

Arleigh Burke-class guided-missile destroyer USS Curtis Wilbur (DDG 54) fires an SM-2 missile during an exercise
(Credit: U.S. Navy)

The defense project promotion committee approved the plan to introduce the Standard Missile-2 systems from 2023, through a foreign military sale (FMS) program with the U.S. government, the Defense Acquisition Program Administration said.

The fifth such procurement plan reportedly costs around US$304 million.

Due to global demand, Raytheon Company in June 2017 restarted its Standard Missile-2 production line to meet the needs of four international customers who aligned requirements and pooled resources to make a 'bundle' purchase through foreign military sales.

New deliveries are scheduled to begin in 2020 and will include more than 280 SM-2 Block IIIA and IIIB missiles. Raytheon and the U.S. Navy are using the restart as an opportunity to modernize production and testing processes inside the SM-2 factory.

About the Standard Missile-2

SM-2s are the world's premier fleet-area air defense weapons. The missiles are also capable of providing extended-area air defense.
» SM-2's international customers include: Australia, Canada, Germany, Japan, Korea, the Netherlands, Spain and Taiwan.
» SM-2 has been integrated with both Aegis and non-Aegis combat weapon systems.
» The missile can be launched from the MK-41, MK-13 and MK-26 launchers.
» SM-2 has an extensive flight test history of more than 2,500 successful flight tests
» More than 5,000 SM-2s have been delivered to the US and allied customers.

sábado, 15 de diciembre de 2018

Egipto adquiere cañones AA Oerlikon

Rheinmetall proposing Oerlikon Revolver Gun Mk3 to the Egyptian Armed Forces

Army Recognition

At EDEX 2018, being held until December 5 in Cairo, Egypt, the German defense group Rheinmetall is proposing its brand new Oerlikon Revolver Gun Mk3 to the Egyptian Armed Forces.

The Oerlikon Revolver Gun Mk3 at EDEX 2018
(Picture source Army Recognition)

The remotely controlled air defence gun is considered a flexible solution against multifaceted targets. ntegrated into the 35mm platform are a tracking/sensor unit with X-band tracking radar and electro-optical sensors as well as electronic warfare components. This enables swift, autonomous engagement of externally assigned targets.

Two soldiers are required for the preparation of the Oerlikon Revolver Gun Mk3. Being remotely controlled increases the safety of personnel.

The Oerlikon Revolver Gun Mk3 can receive and process target data from 2D and 3D search radars. Integrated sensors and a fire control computer give the system an autonomous surveillance and target engagement capability. It can be controlled from a higher-echelon command post or via an operator station to which up to eight guns can be connected.

The tried-and-tested 35mm x 228 automatic cannon delivers compelling firepower and high precision. Coupled with Rheinmetall’s proprietary AHEAD airburst technology, the Oerlikon Revolver Gun Mk3 is extremely effective against practically all air and ground targets.

At Eurosatory 2016 Rheinmetall is presenting its new air defence gun as a possible effector for the Oerlikon Skynex – the Group’s new design for a fully networked, future ground-based air defence system.

SAAB recibe orden por radares Giraffe 4A

Saab receives Swedish order for Giraffe 4A and Arthur rada

Army Recognition

Saab has received an order from the Swedish Defence Materiel Administration (FMV) to develop and maintain the armed forces’ artillery and weapon locating capability. The order includes Saab’s Giraffe 4A multi-function radar and life extension of the artillery locating system Arthur.

Saab Giraffe 4A (Picture source: SAAB)

Deliveries of the modern ground-based multi-function system Giraffe 4A and the life extension of Arthur will create conditions for the Armed Forces’ long-range surveillance capability in the long term and give the defence new possibilities to handle existing and future threats. The work will take place at Saab in Gothenburg with deliveries from 2019.

“Our ground-based radar Giraffe 4A strengthens our customers’ capability to detect incoming threats including tactical ballistic missiles. Tensions around us are increasing and the system gives our customers a world-class multi-function capability that helps to protect their interests”, says Anders Carp, Head of Saab’s business area Surveillance.

Giraffe 4A is a multi-function radar that gives the user a range of capabilities, one system can be used for air surveillance and air defence as well as warning and artillery locating tasks. It is a digital multi-channel system featuring Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) technology based on gallium nitride (GaN).

Arthur and the Giraffe radar family are produced at Saab’s Gothenburg premises, a world-leading centre for microwave and sensor technology. Several of the most advanced radar and sensor systems available on the market are produced there. Saab’s radar and electronic warfare offer also includes the airborne surveillance solution GlobalEye, sensor systems for the Gripen fighter and the self-protection system family Arexis.